Soil Conservation

Why It Is Important

Soil conservation is when you prevent soil erosion by planting new plants, taking care of plants, or keeping soil from being contaminated. Soil Conservation is important because if we run out of healthy soil, we would be unable to plant the crops that are necessary to feed all of the people and animals on earth.

Ways Kids Can Help

Plant Trees, Grass, and Flowers in Empty Places

If you plant trees, grass, and flowers where there are no plants, you can prevent soil from eroding. You can sometimes find tree seeds on the ground or you can go to the local garden center to buy seeds and plants. Not only does this help soil conservation, it can give you a nice place to play, makes the space more beautiful, and planting trees near your home can increase the value of your home and decrease the energy bills during the summer.

Don't Over Water

Over watering causes soil erosion, washes away nutrients, and wastes clean water. Your lawn only needs about 1 inch of water per week. If you use a timer, you can make sure that you don't over water. If your family doesn't own a timer, you can volunteer to keep an eye on the sprinklers and let your parents know when its time to move the sprinkler to another area or turn it off.

Fun Project

While people don’t often think about it, fertile soil is one of our most valuable resources. Without it, we would not be able to grow the crops and plants we need to feed all of the people and animals on earth. So, just how much of the earth is made up of land that is suitable for growing food? Try this fun project to find out.

First get a large unpeeled apple to represent the earth.
Apple Project - Soil Conservation Earth Project - Soil Conservation
Have an adult carefully slice the apple into 4 equal slices.
Apple Slice - Soil Conservation
Since 3/4 of the earth is covered in water, set 3 of the slices aside.

The remaining slice represents all of the land on earth. Now, cut that slice in half.

One of those slices represents land that is not suitable for farming (swamps, deserts, arctic regions, etc.), so set that piece aside.

That leaves you with 1/8 of an apple which represents all of the land on earth where people can live and grow crops.

Now, cut that slice into 4 equal pieces:
Piece 1 represents land that is too rocky to farm, so put that one aside.
Piece 2 represent land that is too wet to farm, so put that one aside.
Piece 3 represents land that is too hot to farm, so put that one aside.

The remaining piece (1/32 of the entire apple) represents all of the land on earth that can be used for farming.

Have an adult carefully peal the skin off of this piece of apple. Compare the size of that to the rest of the apple that you set aside. This small piece of skin represents all of the soil on earth that we depend on for food.

So, you can see how important it is that we conserve and protect this very limited and important resource.

Natural Nutrients

You can use a compost pile to naturally add nutrients to the soil. It also prevents soil contamination from using chemical fertilizers.

Disposal of Hazardous Chemicals

You need to dispose of hazards items correctly by recycling them or taking them to a hazardous waste disposal site. This prevents the chemicals from contaminating the soil.

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